特鲁多推出820亿应急救援Trudeau unveils $82B COVID-19 emergency response package for Canadians, businesses


CBC News

Mar 18th,2020

原文链接:https://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/economic-aid-package-coronavirus-1.5501037


总理特鲁多宣布了820亿美元的巨额援助计划,帮助加拿大人和企业应对全球COVID-19大流行病,包括收入支持、工资补贴和税收延期。

该计划包括270亿美元的直接支持,以及另外550亿美元通过税收延期来帮助企业流动性。

加起来,这一方案占加拿大国内生产总值的3%以上。特鲁多说,庞大的支出不会使加拿大陷入衰退,他坚持认为,过去五年做出的“审慎”决定,已使加拿大在抵御危机方面有了坚实的经济基础。

他说:“我们将能够确保我们的经济恢复到非常快的速度。”。

议会最早可能在下周被召回,通过立法引入财政措施。

这些支持旨在帮助加拿大人支付房租和食品杂货,帮助企业继续支付工资和账单,并稳定经济。特鲁多说,支持可能在数周后开始流动。

他说:“无论你是谁,做什么,这个时候你都应该关注自己的健康,关注邻居的健康,而不是你是否会失业,也不是你是否会因为买食品和药物等东西而花光钱。”。

紧急援助计划包括:

*临时增加加拿大儿童福利金,提供约20亿美元的额外支持。

*一项新的紧急护理津贴,每两周最高900美元,最多15周,为工人提供收入支持,包括必须呆在家里、没有资格享受带薪病假或就业保险的自营职业者。这项措施最多可支付100亿美元。

*一项新的紧急支援津贴,为不符合就业保险资格和面临失业的工人提供高达50亿美元的支援

*学生贷款的六个月无息缓期偿还。

*无家可归者护理计划翻倍

*将纳税申报截止日期延长至6月1日。

*允许纳税人推迟到8月31日之后,今天之后和9月之前到期的纳税。

*3.05亿美元用于建立一个新的土著社区支持基金,以满足原住民、因纽特人和梅蒂斯人社区的迫切需要。

其他措施包括为低收入加拿大人提供商品及服务税抵免,并为无家可归者和帮助人们逃离基于性别的暴力的庇护所提供特别支持。


Prime Minister Justin Trudeau has announced a massive $82-billion aid package to help Canadians and businesses cope with the global COVID-19 pandemic, including income supports, wage subsidies and tax deferrals.

The package includes $27 billion in direct supports and another $55 billion to help business liquidity through tax deferrals.

Combined, the package represents more than three per cent of Canada's GDP. Trudeau said the deep spending will not drive the country into recession, insisting "prudent" decisions made over the last five years have put Canada on a strong economic footing to weather the crisis.

"We will be able to make sure our economy gets back up to speed very quickly," he said.

Parliament could be recalled as early as next week to pass legislation to bring in the fiscal measures.

The supports aim to help Canadians pay for rent and groceries, to help businesses continue to meet payroll and pay bills, and to stabilize the economy. Supports could start flowing in weeks, Trudeau said.

"No matter who you are or what you do, this is a time where you should be focused on your health, and that of your neighbours, not whether you're going to lose your job, not whether you're going to run out of money for things like groceries and medication," he said.

The emergency aid plan includes:

* A temporary boost to Canada Child Benefit payments, delivering about $2 billion in extra support.

* A new Emergency Care Benefit of up to $900 biweekly, up to 15 weeks, to provide income support to workers, including the self-employed, who have to stay home and don't qualify for paid sick leave or employment insurance. The measure could disburse up to $10 billion.

* A new Emergency Support Benefit to provide up to $5 billion in support to workers who are not eligible for EI and who are facing unemployment.

* A six-month, interest-free reprieve on student loan payments.

* Doubling the homeless care program.

* Extending the tax filing deadline to June 1.

* Allowing taxpayers to defer until after Aug. 31 tax payments that are due after today and before September.

* $305 million for a new Indigenous Community Support Fund to address immediate needs in First Nations, Inuit and Métis Nation communities.

Other measures include a GST credit for low-income Canadians and special support for the homeless and shelters helping people escaping gender-based violence.

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